Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. The cucumber is a creeping vine that roots in the ground and grows up trellises or other supporting frames, wrapping around supports with thin, spiraling tendrils. Cucumbers need warm, fertile soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8. Work compost or composted manure into soil. Plant seedlings 12 inches apart when growing vertically.
If vines bloom but don’t fruit, something is probably interfering with pollination. First, make sure that you see both male and female blooms. Male blooms usually appear first and then drop off, so don’t be alarmed if this happens. Within a week or two, female flowers will also appear; each one has a small cucumber-shaped swelling at the base that will become a cucumber. If you’re still not seeing those swellings turn into fruit, you may need tohand pollinate using an artist's brush.
We carry several kinds of Indian cucumbers. In Hindi cucumbers are called kakdi or kheera. A variety of kheera comes from the city of Pune, thus the name Puneri or Poona Kheera. Another popular type of cuke is a cooking variety called Dosakai. It is a yellow/orange cucumber popular in Andhra Pradesh. These fruits are generally spherical in shape. It is commonly cooked as curry, added in sambar or soup, dal and also in making Indian pickle and chutney.
(Cucumis sativus L. var. sativus) also known as Poona Kheera Cream/light green fruits, have very delicious flesh, crisp, juicy, sweet and mild. Fruit is shaped like a potato, with skin turning brown. Very strong vines give huge yields, and are also early. Poona Kheera does extremely well in hot, arid climates, as in the Western States where it is difficult to grow other cucumbers. Approx 20 seeds/pkt.
(Cucumis melo var. flexuosus)Also known by several other names such as Armenian cucumber, kakri, snake cucumber and snake melon. In Punjabi it is known as Tar. Plant directly outdoors in its permanent location. Thin to 18 in. apart. Train onto a trellis or fence for best results. Do not let mature fruit stay on the vine. Approx 45 seeds/pkt.
(Cucumis sativus L. var. sativus) A round yellow variety popular in Andhra Pradesh. Lemon sized and shaped. Can be used in fresh in salads. It can also be cooked to make pacchadi , with dal in pappu, or dried and fried into Wadiyam.